Uses and Properties
Acrylonitrile is a chemical intermediate used to produce acrylic fibres, ABS (acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene), SAN (styrene-acrylonitrile), acrylamide, adiponitrile and NBR (nitrile-butadiene-rubber).
Approximately 31% of the global acrylonitrile production is used in production of fibres, 35% in production of ABS and SAN resins, 13% in the production of acrylamide and 14% in the production of adipronitrile and NBR. In 2013 the worldwide Acrylonitrile market totaled about almost 5.500 ktons (source IHS/PCI World Acrylonitrile Report).
The Acrylonitrile Group (ACN) is a trade association bringing together the European manufacturers of acrylonitrile.
Issues and Regulations
The Acrylonitrile REACH Consortium, founded by the CEFIC Acrylonitrile Manufacturers Members, completed the REACH submission for Acrylonitrile in 2010. Uses as a monomer and intermediate have been supported.
Consortium Manager: TSGE
Lead Company: Ineos Nitriles.
The Sector Group is pro-actively managing regulatory and environmental responsibilities on the industry:
- Health: SCOEL / Occupational Exposure Limits, Classification issues
- Environment: CO2 emissions (benchmarks), Industrial Emissions Directive (BREF)
- Exchange non-confidential safety information about the production, distribution and handling of acrylonitrile.
- Promoting the standing of the acrylonitrile industry in a socially responsible manner.
- Informing consumers and those involved in the handling of the product on its properties and functionality.
- Encouraging the safe and proper use of acrylonitrile by developing and publishing appropriate technical information.
- Maintaining a high level of technical understanding by identifying and managing research into health and environmental effects and assessing risks in use.
- Presenting a positive image of acrylonitrile to the industry, authorities and the public.
- Developing a common position on major issues of the industry for presentation to regulators, opinion leaders and other concerned bodies.
- Developing product stewardship programmes following the Responsible Care principles.