The Industrial Emissions Directive (IED), in force since January 2011, aims to minimise pollution from various industrial sources throughout the EU.
The Industrial Emissions Directive regulates emissions from industrial installations; it sets the framework for permitting. It targets key atmospheric pollutants as well as other important environmental impacts, including emissions to water and soil, generation of waste and the use of energy.
The main pieces of legislation are the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Directive (IPPC), sector-specific directives for certain industrial activities, and the Regulation on the European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR). The Industrial Emissions Directive (IED), in force since January 2011, is the successor of the IPPC Directive.
The Industrial Emissions Directive aims to minimise pollution from various industrial sources throughout the EU. Operators of industrial installations targeted by the directive – some 50,000 in total – have to obtain a permit from the authorities. The permit takes into account the whole environmental performance of the plant, including emissions, waste generation, raw material use and other aspects.
The permit conditions under the current directives and the IED are based on defining the Best Available Techniques (BAT). These are state-of-the-art techniques that can be used to achieve a high level of environmental protection as a whole. They can be implemented in the relevant sector under economically and technically viable conditions, taking into account their costs and benefits.
Setting these standards – mainly defining the Emission Limit Values (ELV) for environmental permits – requires input from operators, authorities and other stakeholders.e Petrochemicals Europe is an active contributor to the information exchange needed to elaborate the Best Available Techniques Reference (BREF) documents in a transparent way.
BREF review process on the European Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Bureau